As global pressure for climate action increases, several countries are beginning to create plans for phasing-out fossil fuel-based energy systems. These energy system changes would entail significant employment impacts for fossil fuel workers and their communities resulting from massive technological and infrastructural changes. Anticipating the implications of fossil fuel industry declines on workers and communities, scholars in many academic fields are focusing on both understanding and developing “just transition” strategies that aim to minimize the impact of climate policies on fossil fuel workers and their communities. Depending on their academic field, scholars focus on various elements of just transition, yet these elements have not been systematically synthesized. In this paper, we reviewed articles that focus on a just transition for fossil fuel workers and their communities in the context of climate change to describe the state of the literature and synthesize elements of just transition that scholars in different academic fields identify. We then used Heffron & McCauley’s (2018) legal geography 'JUST' framework to characterize each of these elements. We identified 33 articles for analysis based on our inclusion criteria. These articles focus on different geographies—United States (11), Global (9), Australia (6) and other countries (7). They also focus on just transition for different types of workers: coal (18), unspecified (10), and fossil fuel (5). Overall, we find a predominant focus on OECD countries and on coal workers. No articles focused solely on other major fossil fuel producing countries such as Saudi Arabia, Brazil, India or oil & gas workers. Collectively, the articles we reviewed identify 17 key elements (or strategies) of just transition ranging from requirements of long-term planning to importance of retraining. Moreover, these 17 elements vary in terms of the type of justice they further (distributional, procedural, recognition & restorative justices), spatial scales, and timeframe. While this review will provide scholars in the field new ideas for future work and policymakers strategies that they can focus on, more research is required to clarify the elements further and assess their feasibility of implementation.